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Apartheid facts plz plz plz!!!!?
what restrictions and laws were put in place to implement apartheid and suppress the blacks in south africa!? can i have a source please!. any other information on: living conditions of the races, leaders on each side of the argument, internal and international changes made that lead to the end of apartheidWww@QuestionHome@Com
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The Population Registration Act of 1950 required all citizens of South Africa to be classified into categories according to their race!. The categories established were white, black (African), and coloured (people of mixed descent)!. The Reservation of Separate Amenities Act of 1953 created separate public facilities to be used by whites and blacks!. Workers, Africans or Coloured, were restricted by law from protesting the enactment of the Native Labor Act of 1953!. Government officials, under the Public Safety and Criminal Law Amendment Acts, possessed the power to declare states of emergency and increase the penalties for protesting against any or supporting the repeal of any government established law!. Imprisonment, whippings, and fines were a few of the penalties the government could enforce!. One such state of emergency occurred in 1960, during a peaceful protest at Sharpeville!. Large groups of blacks refused to carry their dompas, attempting to overthrow the unjust Pass Law!. According to the police, the protest became violent!. During this particular protest, 69 blacks were killed and another 187 were wounded!.Www@QuestionHome@Com
From 1948-91, the policy of racial discrimination known as apartheid plagued the country of South Africa!. Apartheid was a system of laws and measures designed to oppress the rights of blacks while maintaining white supremacy within the ranks of the government as well as society!. These rules and regulations were often harsh and unjust in nature!.
Louis Botha became the first Prime Minister of South Africa in 1910 and held that position until 1919!. Jan Christaan Smuts succeeded Botha as Prime Minister from 1919-24!. G!.H!. Hertzog founded the Nationalist Party in 1914, advocating complete South African independence!. J!.G!. Strijdom succeeded Malan as Prime Minister from 1954-58!. He became the leader of the Nationalist Party!. Strijdom is noted for establishing an Afrikaner Republic outside of the Commonwealth and altering the balance of the Senate in order to gain the necessary vote for his apartheid policies!.
F!.W!. de Klerk brought about many reforms including the release of Nelson Mandela from prison, lifting the state of emergency, repealing the principle apartheid laws, instituting constitutional talks, bringing victory in a white-only referendum, and lifting international sanctions!. Despite his reforms there was still great violence occurring in the community, especially between the African National Congress and the Zulu Inkatha Freedom Party!. In 1993, to bring an end to the violence, de Klerk signed a constitutional agreement with Mandela and in the same year, the two men shared the Nobel Peace Prize!. In 1994, de Klerk became vice-president in the Mandela administration!.
Albert Lutuli was president of the African National Congress from 1952 to 1960!. He received the Nobel Peace Prize for his opposition to racial violence in 1960!. With Nelson Mandela in prison, Oliver Tambo became the acting president of the ANC in 1967 and was elected president in 1977!. Stephen Biko was founder and leader of the Black Consciousness Movement!. He was also founder and first president of the all-black South African Students Organization in 1969!. He died while in police custody as a result of severe beatings!. Biko was the subject of the film Cry Freedom!. Nelson Mandela is the leading figure in the anti-apartheid movement!. He joined the ANC in 1942 and formed the ANC Youth League in 1944!. Mandela directed a campaign of defiance against the South African government and its racial policies!. This campaign was executed through mass civil disobedience instead of violence!. As a result of leading this campaign as well as others similar to it, the ANC was outlawed and Mandela was banned, arrested and imprisoned!. In 1964, he was sentenced to life imprisonment!. Over the next two-and-a-half decades, Mandela's neglect to concede his anti-apartheid position became the symbol for black resistance!. On February 11, 1990, Mandela was released from prison and the ANC was officially reinstated!. In 1991, he was elected president of the ANC and in 1994 became the president of South Africa!.
I'm from SA, so I should be able to help ya out!. Blacks were given certain areas of the country to live in!. To enter a white area, they had to present a "dompas" which was like a passport!. Schooling was almost now existing and they couldn't get a decent job in white SA!. In prison, they even received less food than coloured and asian inmates!. The person who started with the apartheid idea, was Hendrik Verwoerd who was of Dutch decent!. The Black struggle heroes are numerous incl!. Nelson Mandela, Oliver Thambo, Walter Sisulu!. Wikipedia should have a detailed description of apartheid!. There was a lot more to it, but it will take pages to type everything!.Www@QuestionHome@Com